martedì 3 giugno 2014

The Human Fetal Glial Cell Line SVG p12 Contains Infectious BK Polyomavirus

The human fetal glial cell line SVG was generated in 1985 by transfecting primary fetal brain cells with a plasmid containing an origin-defective mutant of simian virus 40 (SV40). The cells, which express SV40 large T-antigen, support the replication of human JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) and have been used for JCPyV studies but also for other studies in which cells of neural origin were desirable. We intended to use the SVG p12 cells from ATCC for antiviral drug studies with JCPyV. However, during initial experiments, immunofluorescence microscopy controls unexpectedly revealed cells expressing the late viral proteins VP1, VP2/VP3, and agno. This was confirmed by Western blotting. Since our agnoprotein antiserum is specific for BKPyV agnoprotein, infection with BKPyV was suspected. Indeed, specific BKPyV PCR of SVG p12 supernatants revealed a viral load of >1 × 1010 genomic equivalents/ml. Negative-staining electron microscopy showed characteristic polyomavirus virions, and infectious BKPyV was transmitted from SVG p12 supernatant to other cells. Long-range PCR covering the viral genome, followed by DNA sequencing, identified BKPyV strain UT as well as deletion derivatives. This was confirmed by next-generation sequencing. JCPyV (MAD-4) was found to infect apparently uninfected and BKPyV-infected SVG p12 cells. In total, 4 vials from 2 different ATCC lots of SVG p12 cells dating back to 2006 contained BKPyV, whereas the subclone SVG-A was negative. In conclusion, SVG p12 cells from ATCC contain infectious BKPyV. This may have affected results and interpretations of previous studies, and caution should be taken in future experiments (read more)

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